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Marriages at the Nidhe Yisrael synagogue, Bridgetown, Barbados

Edgar Samuel

<plain_text><page sequence="1">Jewish Historical Studies, volume 45, 2013 Marriages at the Nidhe Yisrael synagogue, Bridgetown, Barbados EDGAR SAMUEL The Jewish community in Barbados, like those in London and New Amsterdam (later New York), was founded after the Portuguese recaptured Recife, in Brazil, from the Dutch West India Company in 1654 and expelled its Jewish community. The Jews who settled in Barbados were predominantly Portuguese-speaking and engaged in trade. With the expansion of sugar cul tivation and exports, in the seventeenth century, the Barbados Jewish com munity numbered two or three hundred and flourished. Throughout the eighteenth century, they had close trading and family links with London. However, as Jamaica's trade with Spanish America increased, some families moved to Kingston. In the course of time, the Jewish community of Barbados diminished in size until by 1930 it had only one member left, Edmund Baeza. He sold the Nidhe Yisrael synagogue and transferred its cemetery, archives and ceremonial objects to the Spanish and Portuguese Jews' Congregation in Bevis Marks, London. However, despite their importance for genealogical research and economic history, the records of the Nidhe Yisrael congregation are not well known. These have now been deposited, together with other Bevis Marks archives, at the London Metropolitan Archives. The surviving record of Jewish marriages in Bridgetown is contained in three manuscripts. The first (LMA/4521/D/01 /03/003) lists the Ketubot or marriage contracts of weddings at the Bridgetown synagogue between 1778 and 1833, with one stray one from 1931. The first 31 are in Portuguese, followed by 4 in Hebrew and 4 in English. The Ketubot from 1834to ^43 are all in English and are included in a volume of byelaws or Ascamot (LMA/4521 /D/01 /oi /009). As well as these, there is a Register of Births, Marriages and Deaths (LMA/4521/D/01/03/001). E. M. Shilstone, in Monumental Inscriptions in the Burial Ground of the Jewish Synagogue at Bridgetown Barbados (London: Jewish Historical Society of England, 1956), includes that register of deaths, but the register of marriages has not been published before. In listing the names in the Ketubot, I have not followed the original spelling but have angli cized it, so that "Jahacob" appears as Jacob, "Ishac" as Isaac, "Pinhas" as Phineas, "Jehudit" as Judith and "Bathshebang" as Bathsheba. However, I drew the line at changing "Matatiau" to Matthew. 163</page><page sequence="2">Research Notes List of marriages in the Ketubot of the Nidhe Yisrael congregation of Bridgetown, Barbados, recorded in LMA/4521 /D/01 /03/003 Ketubot i to 31 are in Portuguese 1 DAVID s.o. DAVID MASSIAH to SARAH d.o. EMANUEL ABOAB FURTADO 20 Shebat 5538 (1778) in Speightstown 2 JACOB s.o. BENJAMIN ISRAEL NUNES to RACHEL d.o. ELIAU BURGOS 10 Adar 5547 (1787) 3 JACOB s.o. BENJAMIN MASSIAH to REBECCA d.o. ISAAC FERNANDES HENRIQUES 24 Adar Rishon 5540 (1780) 4 JOSEPH s.o. SIMON BARUH to SARAH d.o. ABRAHAM de SIMON MASSIAH 29 Ellul 5541 (1781) 5 BENJAMIN MASSIAH to ABIGAIL d.o. JOSEPH ABARBANEL 24 Tishry 5543 (1783) 6 The Gebir ISRAEL ABBADY to The Widow ABIGAIL RODRIGUES DE LEÂO 14 Tishry 5542 (1782) 7 ISAAC s.o. M AT ATI AU LOPEZ to The Widow DEBORAH MASSIAH 26 Ellul 5542 (1782) 8 MOSES s.o. M AT ATI AU LOPEZ to RACHEL d.o. ISAAC LINDO 21 Kislev 5543 (1783) 9 DAVID s.o. ISAAC LINDO to RACHEL d.o. ABRAHAM MASSIAH 27 Tebet 5543 (1783) i o The Gebir [widower or divorced] EMANUEL BARUH LOUZADO to The Widow RACHEL BARUH LOUZADA 9 Adar Sheni 5543 (1783) 11 PHINEAS s.o. BENJAMIN ISRAEL NUNES to The Widow JUDITH ABARBANEL 23 Adar Sheni 5543 (1783) 12 MOSES s.o. JACOB RAMOS to REBECCA d.o. ABRAHAM LEALTAD 7 Nisan 5543 (1783) 164</page><page sequence="3">Marriages at the Nidhe Yisrael synagogue, Bridgetown, Barbados 13 JACOB s.o. DANIEL ULLOA to SARAH d.o. JACOB RAMOS 9 Tamuz 5543 (1783) 14 BENJAMIN s.o. SAMUEL DA FONSECA VALLE to LUNA d o. BENJAMIN CARVALLO 5 Shebat 5544 (1784) 15 DAVID s.o. MOSES BURGOS to The Widow ESTHER DE PIZA 17 Tebet 5544 (1784) 16 DAVID s.o. EMANUEL ABOAB FURTADO to The Widow HANNAH ABOAB FURTADO 6 Nisan 5545 (1785) 17 JOSEPH HAIM s.o. Haham MEIR COHEN BELINFANTE to The Widow ESTHER VAL VERDE 14 Tebet 5545 (1785) 18 MOSES BURGOS s.o. MOSES BURGOS to JUDITH d.o. DAVID NUNES CASTELLO 14 Tishri 5548 (1788) 19 ISAAC s.o. ABRAHAM LEALTAD to LEAH d.o. HAIM ABENUN DE LIMA 27 Adar 5549 (1789) 20 JUDAH s.o. ISAAC COHEN to SIMHA d.o. JACOB LEVI 23 Tebet 5551 (1791) 21 SOLOMON s.o. DAVID RODRIGUES NUNES to HANNAH d.o. SOLOMON ABENDELACK i Tamuz 5555 (1795) 22 NATHAN ben NAPHTALI (signed NATHAN HART) to JAEL d.o. DAVID NUNES CASTELLO 4 Tebet 5556 (1795) 23 MOSES s.o. DAVID PINHEIRO to LEAH d.o. BENJAMIN ISRAEL NUNES 27 Menahem (Av) 5556 (1796) 24 ELIEZER s.o. MOSES HAIM MONTEFIORE to JUDITH d.o. JACOB LEVI 11 Tamuz 5547 (1797) 25 JUDAH MASSIAH to The Widow REBECCA SARFATY DE PINNA 13 Ab 5558 (1798) 165</page><page sequence="4">Research Notes 26 RAPHAEL s.o. RAPHAEL de ABRAHAM GOMES HENRIQUES to REBECCA d.o. JACOB VAL VERDE 29 Adar 5559 (i799) 27 ISAAC s.o. ABRAHAM LEALTAD to SARAH d.o. HAIM DE LIMA 19 Ab 5565 (1805) 28 ISAAC s.o. ISRAEL PEREZ to ESTHER d.o. JACOB LEVI 18 Iyar 5566 (1806) 29 JUDAH s.o. JACOB AARONS to HANNAH d.o. ISAAC &amp; LEAH LEALTAD 26 Shebat 5570 (1810) 30 MEIR s.o. BENJAMIN ABRAHAMS (signed MYER ABRAHAMS) to ESTHER d.o. JACOB &amp; REBECCA MASSIAH 3 Adar 5571 (1811) 31 The Gebir JUDAH ELIEZER JOSEPH LEVI to MIRIAM d.o ISAAC &amp; SARAH ISRAEL 24 Adar 5571 (1811) Ketubot 32 to 35 are in Hebrew 32 MOSES s.o. ISAAC ELKIN to MIRIAM d.o. JACOB SIMMONDS [SIMON] 2 Sivan 5576 (1816) 33 The Gebir MOSES s.o. ISAAC ELKIN to SARAH d.o. DAVID LINDO 19 Adar 5585 (1825) 34 The Gebir DANIEL s.o. NAPHTALI PAZ DE LEON (signed DANIEL PASS) to JAEL d.o. MOSES PINHEIRO 6Tamuz 5585 (1825) 35 DANIEL s.o. MOSES LOBO to LEAH d.o. DAVID LOBO 10 Heshvan 5588 (1828) Ketubot 36 to 39 are in English 36 NAPHTHALI s.o. SOLOMON LEON (signed H. LYON) to The Proselyte MIRIAM SARAH 5 Nisan 5589 (1829) 37 DAVID s.o. DAVID MOSES CARDOZO BAEZA and BLANCA DE MEZA to RACHEL d.o. DAVID LOBO &amp; RACHEL DE LEON 3 Sivan 5591 (1831) 166</page><page sequence="5">Marriages at the Nidhe Yisrael synagogue, Bridgetown, Barbados 38 ELIAS s.o. HEZEKIAH ISAAC and MIRIAM BATHSHEBA RODRIGUES MIRANDA to RACHEL d.o. JACOB &amp; RACHEL FROIS DE MEZA 12 Adar 5593 (1833) 39 PHILIP s.o. MOSES RUBEN to The Proselyte SARAH 13 Adar 5691 (1931) Ketubot from 1834 to 1842 in LMA/4521/D/01/01/009 All are in English 40 DANIEL s.o. MOSES LOBO to SARAH d.o. SAMUEL ISAAC FINZI 5 January 1834 41 ISAAC s.o. MOSES LOBO to ABIGAIL d.o. MOSES COHEN D'AZEVEDO 26 March 1834 42 ABRAHAM s.o. SAMUEL ISAAC and RACHEL FINZI to JUDITH d.o. MOSES &amp; HANNAH COHEN D'AZEVEDO 26 March 1834 43 ISAAC s.o. JOSEPH ABISDID to RACHEL d.o. DANIEL JESURUN SASPORTAS 12 April 1837 44 SAMUEL ELIAS s.o ELIAS &amp; HANNAH DANIELS to SOPHIA d.o. JOSHUA &amp; JUDITH LEVI 22 November 1837. 45 DAVID BAEZA s.o DAVID MOSES CARDOZO BAEZA &amp; BLANCA BAEZA to ANNA d.o. JOSHUA &amp; JANE LEVI 13 September 1841 46 MOSES s.o. JOSEPH &amp; EVE TOLANO to FRANCES d.o. MICHAEL &amp; ESTHER SAMPSON 21 September 1842 47 BENJAMIN s.o. MOSES &amp; HANNAH COHEN D'AZEVEDO to REYNA d.o. HARTOG &amp; MARIANA BENJAMIN 28 June 1843 48 SOLOMON s.o. HAIM &amp; NESHTA ROSENBERG to ZIPPORAH d.o. ISAAC &amp; SARAH LEALTAD 12 July 1843 167</page><page sequence="6">Research Notes 49 DAVID JACOB s.o. LIPE &amp; MILCA LEWIS to CLARA d.o. JUDAH &amp; HANNAH AARONS 20 September 1843 Ketubot from 1811 to 1836, recorded in LMA/4521/D/01/03/001 50 BENJAMIN of ISAAC ELKIN to SARAH of JACOB LEVI 30 January 1811 51 ABRAHAM of MOSES KEYS to JAEL of MOSES RODRIGUES BRANDON 30 January 1811 52 MOSES COHEN D'AZEVEDO to HANNAH Widow of ELIAS DANIELS 5 January 1815 53 MOZLEY of ISAAC ELKIN to MIRIAM of JACOB SIMMONDS [SIMON] 29 May 1816 54 ISAAC of JACOB LEVI to ESTHER of ELIEZER MONTEFIORE 31 October 1827 55 JOSEPH of NAPHTALI HART to HANNAH of ELIEZER MYERS 8 April 1818 56 DANIEL of NAPHTALI PASS to SARAH of MOSES DE CASTRO 20 October 1819 57 WALTER JACOB LEVI to REBECCA of LEMON HART 7 February 1820 58 MOZLEY of ISAAC ELKIN to SARAH of DAVID LINDO 9 March 1825 59 DANIEL PASS to JAEL of MOSES PINHEIRO 22 June 1825 60 ABRAHAM of SAMUEL FINZI to JUDITH of MOSES COHEN D'AZEVEDO 29 March 1834 61 ISAAC of MOSES LOBO to ABIGAIL of BENJAMIN COHEN D'AZEVEDO 21 March 1836 168</page><page sequence="7">Marriages at the Nidhe Yisrael synagogue, Bridgetown, Barbados Index to Barbados Jewish Marriages in LMA/4521/D/01/03/003, LMA/4521/D/01/03/001 and LMA/4521/D/01/01/009 AARONS, CLARA 49 COHEN D AZEVEDO, ABIGAIL D.O. MOSES AARONS, HANNAH 49 41 AARONS, JACOB 29 COHEN D AZEVEDO, ABIGAIL D.O. BEN AARONS, JUDAH 2Q, 49 JAMIN 6l ABARBANEL, ABIGAIL 5 COHEN D AZEVEDO, BENJAMIN 47, 61 ABARBANEL, JOSEPH 5 COHEN D AZEVEDO, HANNAH 42, 47 ABARBANEL, JUDITH II COHEN D AZEVEDO, JUDITH 42, 60 ABBADY, ISRAEL 6 COHEN D AZEVEDO, MOSES 41, 42, 47, 60 ABENDELACK, HANNAH 21 ABENDELACK, SOLOMON 21 DA FONSECA See FONSECA VALLE ABENUN DE LIMA see LIMA DANIELS, ELIAS 44, 52 ABISDID, ISAAC 43 DANIELS, HANNAH 44, 52 ABISDID, JOSEPH 43 DANIELS, SAMUEL ELIAS 44 ABOAB FURTADO See FURTADO D AZEVEDO See COHEN D AZEVEDO ABRAHAMS, MYER 30 DE CASTRO see CASTRO ABRAHAMS, BENJAMIN 30 AZEVEDO see COHEN ELKIN, BENJAMIN 50 ELKIN, ISAAC 32, 33, 50, 53, 58 BAEZA see CARDOZO BAEZA ELKIN, MOSES (MOZLEY) 32, 33, 53, 58 BARUH, JOSEPH 4 BARUH, SIMON 4 FERNANDES HENRIQUES, ISAAC 3 BARUH LOUZADA see LOUZADA FERNANDES HENRIQUES, REBECCA 3 BELINFANTE see COHEN BELINFANTE FINZI, ABRAHAM 60 BENJAMIN, HARTOG 47 FINZI, RACHEL 42 BENJAMIN, MARIANA 47 FINZI, SAMUEL ISAAC 40, 60 BENJAMIN, REYNA 47 FINZI, SARAH 40 BRANDON See RODRIGUES BRANDON FONSECA VALLE, BENJAMIN DA 14 BURGOS, DAVID 15 FONSECA VALLE, SAMUEL DA 14 BURGOS, ELIAU 2 FROIS DE MEZA, JACOB 38 BURGOS, MOSES IS, I 8 FROIS DE MEZA, RACHEL 38 BURGOS, RACHEL 2 FURTADO, DAVID ABOAB 16 CARDOZO BAEZA, BLANCA 45 FURTADO , HANNAH ABOAB 16 CARDOZO BAEZA, DAVID 37, 45 FURTADO, EMANUEL ABOAB I, I 6 CARDOZO BAEZA, DAVID MOSES 37, 45 FURTADO, SARAH ABOAB I CARVALLO, BENJAMIN 14 CARVALLO, LUNA 14 GOMES HENRIQUES, ABRAHAM 26 CASTRO, MOSES DE 56 GOMES HENRIQUES, RAPHAEL 26 CASTRO, SARAH DE 56 COHEN, ISAAC 20 HART, JOSEPH OF NAPHTALI 55 COHEN, JUDAH 20 HART, LEMON 57 COHEN BELINFANTE, HAHAM MEIR I 7 HART, NATHAN 22 COHEN BELINFANTE, JOSEPH HAIM 17 HART, REBECCA 57 169</page><page sequence="8">Research Notes HENRIQUES See FERNANDES HENRIQUES LOBO, MOSES 40, 41, 61 HENRIQUES See GOMES HENRIQUES LOBO, RACHEL 37 LOPEZ, ISAAC 7 ISRAEL, ISAAC 31 LOPEZ, MATATIAU 7, 8 ISRAEL, MIRIAM 31 LOPEZ, MOSES 8 ISRAEL, SARAH 31 LOUZADA, EMANUEL BARUH 10 ISRAEL NUNES See NUNES LOUZADA, RACHEL BARUH 10 LYON, H. 36 JESURUN SASPORTAS See SASPORTAS MASSIAH, ABRAHAM Ç KEYS, ABRAHAM 51 MASSIAH, ABRAHAM DE SIMON 4 KEYS, MOSES 51 MASSIAH, BENJAMIN 3, 5 MASSIAH, DAVID I LEALTAD, ABRAHAM 12, 19, 27 MASSIAH, DEBORAH 7 LEALTAD, HANNAH 2Ç MASSIAH, ESTHER 30 LEALTAD, ISAAC 19, 27, 29, 48 MASSIAH, JACOB 3, 30 LEALTAD, LEAH 29 MASSIAH, JUDAH 25 LEALTAD, REBECCA 12 MASSIAH, RACHEL 9 LEALTAD, SARAH 48 MASSIAH, REBECCA 30 LEALTAD, ZIPPORAH 48 MASSIAH, SARAH 4 LEON See PAZ DE LEON MEZA See FROIS DE MEZA LEON See RODRIGUES DE LEÂO MEZA, BLANCA DE 37 LEON, RACHEL DE 37 MIRANDA see RODRIGUES MIRANDA LEVI, ESTHER 28 MONTEFIORE, ELIEZER 24, 54 LEVI, ISAAC 54 MONTEFIORE, ESTHER 54 LEVI, JACOB 20, 24, 28, 50, 54 MONTEFIORE, MOSES HAIM 24 LEVI, JOSHUA 44 MYERS, HANNAH 55 LEVI, JUDAH ELIEZER JOSEPH 3 I MYERS, ELIEZER 55 LEVI, JUDITH 24, 44 LEVI, SARAH 50 NUNES CASTELLO, DAVID I 8, 22 LEVI, SIMHA 20 NUNES CASTELLO, JAEL 22 LEVI, SOPHIA 44 NUNES CASTELLO, JUDITH I 8 LEVI, WALTER JACOB 57 NUNES see RODRIGUES NUNES LEWIS, DAVID 49 NUNES, BENJAMIN ISRAEL 2, II, 23 LEWIS, LIPE 49 NUNES, JACOB ISRAEL 2 LEWIS, MILCA 49 NUNES, LEAH ISRAEL 23 LIMA, HAIM ABENUN DE 19, 27 NUNES, PHINEAS ISRAEL II LIMA, LEAH ABENUN DE 19 LIMA, SARAH DE 27 PASS (PAZ DE LEON), DANIEL 34, 56, 59 LINDO, DAVID 33, 58 PASS (PAZ DE LEON), NAPHTALI 34, 56 LINDO, DAVID S.O. ISAAC 9 PAZ DE LEON, see PASS LINDO, ISAAC 8, 9 PEREZ, ISAAC 28 LINDO, RACHEL 8 PEREZ, ISRAEL 28 LINDO, SARAH 33, 58 PINHEIRO, DAVID 23 LOBO, DAVID 35, 37 PINHEIRO, JAEL 34, 59 LOBO, DANIEL 35, 40 PINHEIRO, MOSES 23, 34, 59 LOBO, ISAAC 41,61 PINNA see SARFATY DE PINNA LOBO, LEAH 35 PIZA, ESTHER DE I 5 I7O</page><page sequence="9">Marriages at the Nidhe Yisrael synagogue, Bridgetown, Barbados RAMOS, JACOB 12, 13 SAMPSON, MICHAEL 46 RAMOS, MOSES 12 SARFATY DE PINNA, REBECCA 25 RAMOS, SARAH 13 SASPORTAS, DANIEL JESURUN 43 RODRIGUES BRANDON, JAEL 51 SASPORTAS, RACHEL 43 RODRIGUES BRANDON, MOSES 51 SIMMONDS (SIMON) ,MIRIAM 32, 53 RODRIGUES DE LEÂO, ABIGAIL 6 SIMMONDS (SIMON), JACOB 32, 53 RODRIGUES MIRANDA, MIRIAM BATHSHEBA 38 TOLANO, EVE 46 RODRIGUES NUNES, DAVID 21 TOLANO, JOSEPH 46 RODRIGUES NUNES, SOLOMON 21 TOLANO, MOSES 46 ROSENBERG, HAIM 48 ROSENBERG, NESHTA 48 ULLOA, DANIEL 13 ROSENBERG,SOLOMON 48 ULLOA, JACOB 13 RUBEN, MOSES 39 RUBEN, PHILIP 39 VALLE see FONSECA VALVERDE, ESTHER 17 SAMPSON, ESTHER 46 VALVERDE, JACOB 26 SAMPSON, FRANCES 46 VALVERDE, REBECCA 26 171</page></plain_text>