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Extracts from the Close Rolls (1279-1288)

Miss Ada Corcos

<plain_text><page sequence="1">EXTRACTS FROM THE CLOSE ROLLS. The following entries have been derived, by Miss Ada Corcos, B.A., from the "Calendar of the Close Rolls, Edward I., 1279-1288," with the permission of the Controller of His Majesty's Stationery Office. Nov. 26, 1279. To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Whereas Robert Windsor. ^e Foleham and his fellows, during the time when they were the late king's justices for the custody of the Jews, granted, by the late king's licence, to Aaron son of Vyves, a Jew of London, a debt of 961., under the name of Hugh de Sancto Vasto, that belonged to Jacob son of Leo, a Jew, de? ceased, and another debt of 461., under the name of Master Thomas de Quappelade, that belonged to Abraham son of Muriel, a Jew, deceased, on condition that Aaron should pay 40s. to the exchequer yearly until the money should be paid to the said king in full, and Aaron has hitherto not observed these terms ; the king, at the instance of his brother Edmund, has granted to Aaron that he may recover the terms aforesaid and may pay to the king 40s. yearly until the said debts be paid in full: the king orders the justices, if they ascertain that it is so by inspection of the rolls of the Jewry of the time aforesaid, to cause Aaron to have the terms afore? said, and to cause this to be so done and enrolled (page 1). Nov. 26, 1279. To the Christian and Jew chirographers of the chest of the chiro Windsor. grap^ers at Northampton. The king wishing to be certified concerning the chirographs, bonds, tallies, charters, feofiments, stars and all other in? struments in that chest that belonged partly or wholly to Jews lately condemned, fugitive, or converted to the Christian faith, and to other Jews whose chattels are forfeited to the king by reason of the clipping of his money, has appointed John Bek, Alexander de Kirketon, and Ranulph de Dacre to take out the instruments from the chest and to deliver them under their seals and the seals of the chirographers to the treasurer and barons of the exchequer: the king orders the chirographers to be intendent to the said John, Alexander and Ranulph. The like for the said John, Alexander, and Ranulph for York, Lincoln, Northampton, Warwick, and Nottingham. The like for Bartholomew de Suthley, William de Brayboef, and Adam le Botiler for Winchester, Wilt[on], Devon, Exeter, Bristol, Hereford, Gloucester, and Worcester. 202</page><page sequence="2">EXTRACTS FROM THE CLOSE ROLLS. 203 The like for John de Cobeham and Walter de Helym (sic) for Norwich, Huntingdon, Bedford, Canterbury, and Oxford. The like for the said John and Walter and Adam de Wyntonia for London. The chirographers, Christian and Jew, of the aforesaid towns are ordered to be intendent to the aforesaid men (page 41). To Walter de Helyun. Notification that the king has granted to Jan. 1, 1280. Thomas de Sowy, clerk, that he may pay the 201. due to the king for certain Winchester. Jews' houses in Oxford lately sold to him by Walter, half at the quinzaine of Easter and half at the quinzaine of Michaelmas next, and order to cause him to have these terms and to cause this to be so done and enrolled (page 3). To the sheriff of [Hants]. Notification that the king has granted to Jan. 6,1280. Hugh son of Oto-in recompence for the custody of the serjeanty of the Winchester. dies (cuneorum) of London and Canterbury, which belonged to Thomas son of Oto, deceased, tenant-in-chief, and which the king lately granted to the said Hugh during the minority of Thomas's heir and which Hugh has now restored to the king?a moiety of the garden and manor of Chilwarton and Dunesawage, together with a rent of 13s. 4d. yearly from Percival son of Thomas de Chilwarton and a rent of 6s. 8d. yearly from Thomas le Waleys in Chilwarton, which were in the hands of Benedict son of Licoricia, late a Jew of Winchester, who was hanged for felony, and all the debts, arrears and fees in which Thomas de Chylwarton was bound to the said Jew for any cause, and all the debts that Thomas and his heirs owe to Jospynus son of Deulegard, and order to cause Hugh to have seisin of the foregoing with all issues thereof from the time of the arrest of Benedict (page 4). To the treasurer and barons of the exchequer and to the justices Jan. 6, 1280. assigned for the custody of the Jews. Notification that the king has Winchester, granted to John de Vyeleston that he may pay the 101. due to the king for a debt of 101. in which he was bound to Jacob de Oxonia, a Jew, deceased, by his charter, which charter the king caused to be withdrawn from the chests of the chirographers of his Jewry and to be delivered to John, by 40s. yearly, and order to cause him to have these terms and to cause this to be so done and enrolled (page 5). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. As the king j-,m. 7, 1280. learns by inquisition taken by them that Simon son of Ralph de Thorp Winchester, has due acquittance of all debts that his father owed to Deulacres son of Aaron, a Jew, which are exacted from him by summons of the exchequer of the Jewry, the king orders them to cause the charter of the said debts to be withdrawn and to cause Simon to have it, and to cause Simon to be acquitted thereof, and to cause this to be so done and enrolled (page 5). To Philip de Wileby, receiver of the goods and chattels of certain con- Jan. 20, 1280. demned Jews. Whereas Aaron son of Vyves, a Jew of London, is bound Lyudhurst.</page><page sequence="3">204 EXTRACTS FROM THE CLOSE ROLLS. to the king in 361. for the mainprise of divers Jews, and the king [has pardoned] him the said debt in recompence for a debt of 1000 marks that the king granted that he would make to him for a debt of 1000 marks that the Jew lately granted to Queen Eleanor, the king's consort, as is con? tained in the king's letters made to him: the king orders Philip to cause the said sum to be allowed to the Jew in the total of the debt aforesaid? informing the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews to cause the said 361. to be deducted (decidere) from the total of the debt aforesaid (page 5). Jan. 20, 1280. To Philip de Wyleby, receiver of the goods of condemned Jews. Order Lyndhurst. ?0 cause Thomas de Pampesworth to have 1501. for the expenses of the household of the king's children dwelling in the castle of Windsor (page 6). March 2, 1280. To the mayor and sheriffs of London. Order to cause the action of Down. John de la More in the Husting of London against Aaron son of Yyves, a Ampney. ^ London, concerning a messuage in the city of London to come before the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews, as the Jews of the realm ought not to plead or be impleaded elsewhere than before the aforesaid justices (page 8). April 4, 1280. To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Belia, late the Gloucester. wjfe 0f James Ooperun, a Jew of Gloucester, has shown the king that whereas, according to the law and custom of the Jewry, Jewesses ought not to be distrained after the deaths of their husbands in the dowers that they have of the tenements, goods and chattels of their husbands for any amercements in which their husbands were amerced, the justices cause her to be distrained in the dower that she has by the king's assignment of her late husband's tenement, goods and chattels, for certain amercements in which he was amerced: the king orders them, if it be so, to cause the dis? traint to be released to Belia, and not to vex or molest her contrary to the law and custom aforesaid (page 47). May 15, 1280. To Philip de Wilegheby, receiver of the goods and chattels of certain Westminster, condemned Jews. Order to cause to be allowed to William de Bedham, sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, 100s. which he expended by the king's order in the carriage of certain Jews of Norwich with their goods and chattels from that town to the Tower of London, as is testified before the king by Walter de Helyun, one of the justices appointed to hear and determine pleas of trespass of money (p. 12). May 28,1280. Whereas men coming to Parliament are frequently delayed and dis Westminster. turbed, to the great grievance of them and the court by the multitude of petitions brought before the king, most of which might be disposed of by the chancellor and by the justices, it is provided that all petitions that con? cern the seal (le sei) shall come first to the chancellor, and those that con? cern the exchequer shall come to the exchequer, and those that concern the justices or law of the land shall come to the justices, and those that concern</page><page sequence="4">EXTRACTS FROM THE CLOSE ROLLS. 205 the Jewry shall come to the justices of the Jewry; and if the affairs be so great or are matters of grace (si de grace) that the chancellor and the others cannot do them without the king, then they shall carry them by their own hands before the king to know his will, so that no petition shall come before the king and his council except by the hands of the aforesaid chancellor and the other chief ministers. In this manner the king and his council may be able to attend the great affairs of his realm and of his foreign lands without charge of other affair. French [By ley, Placita, page 442], page 56. To the treasurer and barons of the exchequer, and to the justices June 4, 1280. appointed for the custody of the Jews. Whereas the king pardoned Westminster. Nicholas de Meynyl, for his good service in the army of Wales and else? where, a debt of 100 marks in which he was indebted to Juetta, daughter of Benedict, a Jewess of York, by a charter of 1001. in the names of Nicholas and her in the chests of the chirographers at York, which debt belonged to Joceus le Jeovene, a Jew of York-, and was taken into the king's hands by reason of the debts in which Joceus was indebted to him; and the king ordered the treasurer and barons and justices to cause the said charter to be withdrawn from the chests aforesaid and delivered to Nicholas, and they have refused to deliver it to Nicholas because a debt of 1001. is contained in it: the king, wishing to make full acquaintance to Nicholas for the said debt, orders them to withdraw the charter and deliver it to Nicholas (page 18). To Philip de Wileby, receiver of the goods of condemned Jews in divers June 5, 1280. counties. Order to pay to Walter de Helyun, one of the justices appointed Westminster, to hear and determine pleas of trespass of money in divers counties, 201. in aid of his expenses, as other justices have had in that office, unless he have previously received this money by another writ of the king's (page 19). To Philip de Wileby, receiver of the goods of condemned Jews. Order June 5, 1280. to pay to Queen Eleanor, the king's consort, the 300 marks whereby Westminster. Thomas Trentemars made fine with the king for trespass of money, if he have received this sum, as the king has given it to the queen (page 19). To the sheriff of Southampton. Order to cause a moiety of the lands June 10,1280. and gardens of Thomas de Chelewarton in that county to be assigned to Westminster. Hugh son of Otto, after making an extent thereof if necessary, as the king has granted to Hugh the moiety of the said lands and gardens that Benedict (Benettus) de Wyntonia, a Jew, lately hanged, held, in accordance with the provision that the king lately caused to be made concerning men indebted in the Jewry, for a debt of 800 marks in which Thomas was bound to the Jew by his charter in the chests of the chirographers [of the Jews], which moiety is in the king's hands by reason of the death of the Jew, to have the moiety in the same way as Benedict held it, in recompence for the fee that Hugh ought to receive for the engraving (ingravatura) of the</page><page sequence="5">206 EXTRACTS FROM THE CLOSE ROLLS. June 8, 1280. Westminster. June 27,1280. Odiham. July 17, 1280. Langley. July 24, 1280. Newport Pagnell. July 25, 1280. Northampton. king's dies (cuneorum) by reason of Otto son and heir of Thomas son of Otto, tenant in chief, a minor in Hugh's wardship by the king's commission. By the chancellor (page 21). To Richard de Waidegrave, under-constable of the Tower of London. Order to deliver to Sampson de Staundon, a Jew of London, the goods that were taken into the king's hands as the goods of Henry le Convers, upon his finding security to restore them to the king at the next parliament, which will be in three weeks from Michaelmas, unless he can then shew that they are his (page 22). To the constable of Northampton Castle. Order to cause Agnes and Barnabas de Norhamtona, formerly Jews and now converted to the faith of Christ, to have restitution of all their goods and chattels within the town of Northampton, which were taken into the king's hands, as, although the king granted to converted Jews of his realm a moiety of all their goods for their maintenance, he has, at the instance of his brother in Christ William de Lincolnia, granted to Agnes and Barnabas all their goods and chattels for the maintenance of themselves and their children (page 25). Arnold Peleter of Gascony acknowledges that he owes to Master Elias son of Moses and Aaron son of Vives, Jews of London, seven tuns of good wine made according to the Jewish rite ; to be levied, in default of delivery, of his goods and chattels in Gascony (page 60). To Hugh de Kendal, receiver of the goods of condemned Jews in clivers counties. The king learns from Auncera, daughter of the late Aaron de Eboraco, a Jewess, that whereas Aaron gave to her in marriage when Isaac son of Joceus le Joevne married her a house in the city of York, which she held in peace during her husband's life and afterwards until Lumbard, who afterwards married her, was hanged for a trespass of money whereof he was convicted, when John Bek and his fellows, appointed to hear and determine pleas of trespasses of money, took the house into the king's hands by reason of Lumbard's death, who had no right in it, and they still detain it from her as if Lumbard had had any right in it: the king orders Hugh to take with him the mayor of that city, and if he ascertain by the oath of approved men of the city, Christians and Jews, that Lumbard at his death had no right in the house except through Ancera. and that the house was given to her in marriage, and that she has not forfeited the house, to deliver it to Ancera, to be held until otherwise ordered, saving the right of the king and of others (page 28). To Hugh de Kendal. Order to deliver to Agnes, formerly a Jewess of Northampton and now converted to Christianity, any of her goods and chattels that may have come to his hands and are still in his hands, as the king has granted to her her goods and chattels for the maintenance of herself and children (page 28).</page><page sequence="6">EXTRACTS FROM THE CLOSE ROLLS. 207 To the sheriff of Northampton. Whereas the king granted to Agnes July 25,1280. and Barnabas, formerly Jews of Northampton and now converted to the Northampton. Christian faith, all their goods and chattels for the maintenance of them? selves and children, and ordered the sheriff to cause them to have restitu? tion ; and the king has now granted to them the house that Agnes had and held in that town before her conversion, which was taken into the king's hands before her conversion : the king therefore orders the sheriff to cause Agnes and Barnabas to have restitution and seisin of the said house, together with the goods and chattels aforesaid (page 28). To the same. Although the king granted to Jews of his realm con? verted to Christianity a moiety of all their goods for their maintenance, he has nevertheless granted to Agnes, formerly a Jewess of Northampton and now converted, and to her children likewise converted, all their goods and chattels for their maintenance: he therefore orders the sheriff to cause Joan, her daughter, to have restitution of all the goods and chattels that she had on the day of her conversion and that were taken into the king's hands (page 28). To the treasurer and barons of the exchequer. Order to cause 20 July 26, 1280. marks to be levied from the goods and chattels of Jacob de Bedeford, a Jew, Noi"thampton. and Gena his wife, and to cause them to be paid to Mabel la Converse, as the king has granted to her the 20 marks that Sadekynus, a Jew of Northamp? ton, her late father, bequeathed to her, which 20 marks are in the hands of Jacob and Gena, as the king learns from Mabel (page 29). To the sheriff of Salop. Whereas the king committed to Hugh son of Oct. 6, 1280. Otto the moiety of the lands and gardens of Thomas de Chelewarton that Westminster. Benedict (Benettus) de Wyntonia, a Jew, lately hanged, held in the sheriff's bailiwick, in accordance with the provision lately made concerning men indebted in the Jewry, for a debt of 800 marks in which Thomas was indebted to Benedict by his charter in the chests of the chirographers of the Jews, which is in the king's hands by reason of the Jew's death, to have in recompence for the fee that Hugh ought to receive for engraving the king's coin-dies (cuneorum) by reason of Otto, son and heir of Thomas son of Otto, tenant-in-chief, a minor, being in Hugh's wardship by the king's com? mission, and the king now learns for certain that the extent of the lands and gardens and the partition of the same between Thomas and Benedict were made insufficiently and incorrectly : the king orders the sheriff to cause all the lands and gardens to be extended, and to cause them to be divided according to it, and to cause a moiety thereof to be assigned to Hugh (page 36). To the treasurer and barons of the exchequer. Order to permit the Nov. 8, 1280. attorneys of Queen Eleanor, the king's consort, to receive yearly at the Westminster, exchequer from John de Grey, whom the king has appointed to pay to her the debts in which Ralph Moryn was indebted to Hagin son of Master</page><page sequence="7">208 EXTRACTS FROM THE CLOSE ROLLS. Moses, a Jew of London, and which are attermined at the exchequer1 (page 38). Nov. 13,1280. To the treasurer and barons of the exchequer. Whereas the king lately Windsor. caused to be taken into his hands a debt of 50 marks in which Robert de Percy (?) was indebted by his charter in the chests of the chirographers at York to Bonamy de Ebor[aco], a Jew, which the king ordered to be levied for his use, the king has granted to the Jew that if the debt has been levied for his use or has been taken into his hands, the Jew shall have recompence therefor in 40 marks in the old arrears, tallages, and other debts that he owes to the exchequer: the king orders them, if it.be so, to cause the Jew to have allowance for the aforesaid 40 marks as above in recompence for the said debt (page 39). Nov. 13, 1280. To the treasurer and barons of the exchequer and to the justices Westminster, appointed for the custody of the Jews. Whereas the king pardoned Nicholas de Meynyl, for his good service in the army of Wales and else? where, a debt of 100 marks in which he was indebted to Juetta, daughter of Benedict (Benetti), a Jewess of York, by a charter for 1001. under the names of Nicholas and Juetta in the chests of the chirographers at York, wherefore the king at another time ordered the treasurer and barons and justices to cause the said charter to be withdrawn from the chests and to be delivered to Nicholas, and, because a debt of 1001. is contained in the said charter and because the king's writ mentioned that the debt belonged to Joceus le [Jeove]ne, a Jew, whereas it did not, they refused to deliver the charter to Nicholas: the king, wishing to make full acquittance to Nicholas for the said debt, orders them, if the said Joceus had no such debt in the chests aforesaid, to cause the said charter to be withdrawn from the chests and delivered to Nicholas, and to cause him to be acquitted of the whole debt, and to cause this to be so done and enrolled (page 39). Feb. 18, 1281. T? the sheriff of Southampton. Order to cause to be replevied to Langley. Walter de Kancia until a month from Easter next his land of Draiton near Arlesford, which was taken into the king's hands by order of the justices in eyre in that county, because the land was said to be the land of Benedict (Benelti) de Wyntonia, a Jew, who was hanged for trespass of the king's money. Vacated, because he did not have it (page 76). March 7 1281 ^ne constable of the Tower of London. Order to cause Henna, late Down. the wife of Jacob de Oxonia, a Jew, imprisoned in the Tower, to be delivered Ampney. from prison upon two Jews of that city mainperning to have her before the king in his next parliament to stand to right concerning certain trespasses wherewith she is charged (page 78). Manors bought by the queen, the king's consort. 1 The enrolment is badly ahridged from the wiit.</page><page sequence="8">EXTRACTS FROM THE CLOSE ROLLS. 209 Sir John de Burg owed to Manasser le fiz Aaron 400 marks, which debt April 2, 1281. the king gave to the queen, and he owed 1401. to the king at the exchequer. Clarendon. To acquit this debt and for 100 marks given to him by the queen, the manor of Burg remains to the king and his heirs, with the advowson, and it is worth yearly 301. Sir Bartholomew de Redham owed to Agin 2001., which debt the king granted to the queen, and for this debt and other debts that he [Bar? tholomew] owed to divers Jews (Gyeus), which were assigned to the queen for queen-gold (por son or), the king retains the manor of Scotho with the advowson of the church, worth yearly 401. Sir William de Montchenesy owed to Agin 2501. and 1001. to the king at the exchequer, and for these debts, which the king gave to the queen, and for 2001. which the king paid in money to Sir William, the king retains to him and his heirs the manor of Quenynden with the advowson, worth yearly 401. Sir Robert Canvil owed a debt to divers Jews, which were assigned to the queen for her gold, and for these debts and for the arrears that he owed to the prior of Romely of a yearly rent of 201. and for 200 marks that the king paid to the said prior for this rent and for the arrears, the king retains to him and his heirs the manors of Westreham, Fobbyng, and Schenefeud, with the advowsons of the churches, and also the advowsons of Stanford, Little Laufare, and the church of Angre, and the manors are worth yearly 1751. Sir William de Leyburn owed to Agyn 1,020 marks, which Agin re? covered (desrena) from him, which debt the Jew gave to the queen, and for this debt and for 500 marks paid to him by the queen, the king retains to him and his heirs the castle of Ledes, worth yearly 40l. Sir Gilbert Peche owed to the queen 500 marks of the debt of Aaron le fiz Vives, and 301. to the king at the exchequer, and for these debts and for 200 marks paid to him by the king, the king retains the manor of West clyve, with the advowson of the church, worth yearly 601. Sir Stephen de Chenedut owed to divers Jews fully (Men) 1,000 marks whereof the king gave to the queen 400 marks of the debt of Agyn, and the 600 marks belonged to the queen for her gold. And of the aforesaid 1000 marks the queen pardoned Stephen 300 marks, and for the remaining 700 marks and for other great bounty that the queen has done to him, the king retains the manor of Longele for ever, worth 401. Sir Norman de Arcy owed to Master Elyz and to Mancel le fiz Aaron 9501., which debt belonged to the queen partly of the gift of the Jews and partly for her gold, and of this the queen has pardoned, at the prayer of Sir Anthony Bek, 2501. and for the remainder the king retains 6ol. yearly of land in the manor of Nokton for fourteen years, worth yearly 601. Sir John de Cameys owed to Agyn 500 marks of clear debt, which the queen had of the king's gift, and for this debt and for 600 marks paid to VOL. IV. O</page><page sequence="9">210 EXTRACTS FROM THE CLOSE ROLLS. May 11, 1281. Westminster. May 18, 1281. Westminster. May 28, 1281. Westminster. May 28, 1281 Westminster, him by the king, the king retains the manor of Torpeil and Upton, with the advowsons of the churches, to him and his heirs, worth yearly 801. (pages 80 and 81). Robert de Nevill acknowledges that he owes to Aaron son of Vives, a Jew of London, 91.; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in co. Rutland. Geoffrey son of Ralph de Balsham acknowledges that he owes to Aaron son of Vives, a Jew of London, 105 quarters of wheat, price 6s. 8d. a quarter; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in the city of London. Aaron son of Vives, a Jew, acknowledges that he owes to Elias de Hauvile 100 marks; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels. Cancelled on payment (page 124). To the sheriff of Bedford. Order to cause to be restored to the prior of Neuham a messuage in Bedford that Jacob son of Portebinus, a Jew of Bedford, held of the prior, to have during the king's pleasure with all things pertaining to it as the Jew held it, as the king learns by inquisition taken by the sheriff that Jacob held the messuage of the prior for 20s. yearly and that the Jew and his predecessors had long had the messuage by the commission of a predecessor of the prior, and that the messuage was worth yearly 6s. 8d., saving to the prior the said 20s. yearly. The sum of 6s. 8d. yearly in excess of the said rent of 20s. is reserved to the king, to be rendered to him by the prior (page 84). To Philip de Wyleby, late receiver of the goods of condemned Jews in divers counties. Order to cause Abraham son of Elias, son of Master Moses, a Jew of London, to be acquitted of 40s. and Moses son of Agin of 5 marks, due from them for the fine made with the king before Stephen de Pencestre and his fellows, justices appointed to hear and determine pleas of trespasses of the king's money, for trespasses of money, and to inform the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews that these sums shall be deducted (decidant) from Aaron son of Vyves, a Jew of London, in the debts granted to him by the king in recompence for a debt in which Geoffrey Pecche was indebted to Aaron, which Aaron lately remitted to Queen Eleanor, the king's consort, as Aaron has mainperned to pay the said 40s. and 5 marks to the king (page 86). To the sheriff of Southampton. Whereas the king learns by inquisi? tion that he caused to be made by the justices lately in eyre in that county that the prior of Runcevall had a house in the town of Southamp? ton of the gift and feoffment of William le Mareschal, sometime earl of Pembroke, and by the confirmation of the late king, and that the prior demised the house by his brethren to Claremunda de Suthamptona for her life for 40s. yearly, and that after her death William de Gloucestria and Richard his brother, who said that they were her heirs, entered the house</page><page sequence="10">EXTRACTS FROM THE CLOSE ROLLS. 211 and held it for some time, until they mortgaged (invadiaverunt) it to Benedict, a Jew of Winchester, for a certain sum of money, and the Jew entered into the same by their delivery in name of a pledge, and that after his death the house came to the king's hands: the king orders the sheriff to restore the house to the prior or his attorney, saving the right of the king and of others (page 87). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Whereas the July 12, 1281. king has given to Thomas Paynel a debt of 601. in which Godfrey le Clerk Westminstei. of Wordham was indebted by his charter in the chests of the chirographers to Benedict (Bendto) de Wintonia, a Jew, lately hanged, which debt is in the king's hands by reason of the death of the said Jew, he orders the justices to cause the charter to be withdrawn from the chests and delivered to Thomas. Because this grant is testified by H?mo Hauteyn (page 95). To the same. Whereas the king learns by inquisition taken by them and Hugh de Kendall that a sack of wool, price 14 marks, that Hugh took by the king's order amongst the goods of the condemned Jews of Nor? thampton was the wool of Peitevin son of Sampson, a Jew of London, and not the wool of any other Jew, and Hugh sold the wool and paid the money thence arising to the king: the king orders the justices to cause to be assigned to Peytevin from some clear debts in the treasury a debt to the value of the wool aforesaid, unless the wool ought to pertain to the king for any reason (page 95). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Order to cause Aug. 12, 1281. the abbot of St. Augustine's, Canterbury, to be acquitted of 111. found upon Canterbury. Joceus, a Jew of Guildford, lately slain by robbers near the town of Plum sted, as the abbot paid the money into the wardrobe on Ascension Bay, in the ninth year, to Master William de Luda, keeper of the wardrobe, as the king learns from William's letters patent (page 97). To the treasurer and chamberlains. Whereas the king lately granted Sept. 2, 1281. to the Conversi of his house at London for their maintenance the poll-tax Westminster. (chevagium) of the Jews of England, with certain other issues of the Jewry, whence they have as yet obtained small advantage : the king has granted to them that they shall have besides the poll-tax 80 marks from the for? feitures of the Jewry, fines and amercements of Jews for trespasses, and from the king's debts and from other issues of the Jewry, to be received yearly at the exchequer, for their maintenance and for the work of the chapel of the said house, for so long as the king please or until he shall otherwise ordain: the king orders the treasurer and chamberlains to cause the said 80 marks to be paid to the warden of the said house. In witness thereof the king has caused these letters to be made patent. Et sunt patentes (page 99). Memorandum.?That Michael de Weston came into chancery, on 6 Nov- Nov. C, 1281. ember, and acknowledged that he had received from William de Braib[oef] Westminster.</page><page sequence="11">212 EXTRACTS FROM THE CLOSE ROLLS. Nov. 16, 1281, Westminster. Dec. 1, 1281. Westminster. Jan. 26, 1282. Cirencester. January 1282. Woodstock. April 10, 1282. Devizes. 200 marks of the issues of the Jewry, which Michael delivered to Ralph de Broghton for the works of Lampader (page 137). To the treasurer and barons of the exchequer. Whereas the king is bound, in consideration of the lands that John de Burgo, the elder, lately deceased, granted to him, to acquit all the debts in which John was bound to certain Jews by his charters, the king orders them to call before them the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews, and, after inspecting and searching the rolls of the exchequer and the rolls of the said justices and the king's writ directed to the justices concerning the debts of Jews, to cause Robert son of Walter and Dervorgoilla, his wife, and Robert Grelle and Hawisia, his wife, nieces of the said John, to be acquitted of all debts in which John was indebted to any Jews, and cause the charters made under John's name and the names of Jews for any debts whatsoever to be withdrawn from every chest of the chirographers (area cirographaria) or elsewhere in the treasury, and to be delivered to Robert, Dervorgoilla, Robert and Hawisia (page 107). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Whereas the king lately ordered and caused to be proclaimed that all Jews of the realm should wear patches (tabulas) on their outer garments in order that they might be the more easily distinguished from those of the catholic faith ; the king now, willing that the same shall be observed by Jewesses, orders the justices to cause proclamation to be made in the city of London and in other cities, boroughs, towns and elsewhere where Jews converse that all and singular Jewesses, under pain of grievous forfeiture, shall publicly wear such patches in the form provided concerning Jews. They are also ordered to cause proclamation to be made throughout the realm that no Jew shall presume to sell meat to Christians in any way, or shall dare to retain Christian man or woman in service with them in their houses or elsewhere. [Foederd] (page 176). To the sheriff of Northampton. Order to pay to Master Henry de Bray, whom the king has appointed jointly with H?mo Hauteyn and Robert de Ludham to make scrutiny of the Jewry, and to do other things concerning the Jewry, 151. granted to him by the king in part satisfaction of his ex? penses (page 146). Manasser son of Joceus de Hereford, a Jew, came into chancery at Worcester, and quit-claimed to William de Chiltham and Alice his wife, Alice de Acle, Richard de Kemeseye, and Simon Alayn, parceners of the inheritance of Richard son of Jocelin de Wychys, 71. 10s. concerning which he impleaded them before the justices of the Jewry at London concerning the debt of Richard son of Jocelin, for 70s. that they paid to him at Worcester on Wednesday after Christmas (page 177). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews, and to Master Henry de Bray. Whereas the king learns by inquisition taken by Adam</page><page sequence="12">EXTRACTS FROM THE CLOSE ROLLS. 213 de Wintonia, his clerk, that Alexander Huse satisfied Isaac son of Aaron, a Jew, who was hanged for trespass of money, for a debt of 4| marks and for another of 6 marks when the Jew had free administration of his goods; which debts are exacted from Edmund, son and heir of Alexander, by sum? mons of the exchequer of the Jewry by charters under the names of Alexander and the Jew: the king orders them to cause the charters of the said debts to be withdrawn and delivered to Edmund, and to cause him to be acquitted of the debts aforesaid (page 150). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. To transfer the exchequer of the Jewry to Shrewsbury (page 150). To the sheriff of Hereford. Whereas Moses le Blund, Josceus son of June 2, 1282. Manasser, a Jew of Hereford, and Moses son of James, a Jew of London, Shrewsbury, have mainperned to have at Westminster before the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews in three weeks from Midsummer Aaron le Blund and Mirabilia, his wife, Fantinus, his son, and Bona, wife of Fantinus, Cresseus son of Jacob and Floria his wife, to stand to right concerning certain trespasses that they are said to have committed upon Adam le Peyntur and Margery his daughter, if Adam or Margery wish to speak against them: the king orders the sheriff to deliver the said Jews and their households (Jamiliam) in bail to the mainpernors, and to restore to them by the said mainprise any of their goods taken into the king's hands for this reason, and not to intermeddle with their bodies or households or chattels by reason of the said trespasses until otherwise ordered (page 158). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Whereas John Aug. 31, 1282. de Teshale is indebted to the king in divers debts at the exchequer of the Rutbm. Jewry, and the king has caused John's lands to be extended so that he may cause the debts aforesaid to be attermined to him: the king sends to them under the half-seal (sub pede sigilli) the extent aforesaid, and orders them to search the rolls of the exchequer of the Jewry, and to ascertain what debts John owes to that exchequer, and to cause John to have reasonable terms for payment of the debts aforesaid (page 166). To the justices assigned for the custody of the Jews. Order to search Nov. 6, 1283. the rolls of the Jewry concerning all the debts in which Peter de Nevill g^nell at his death was indebted to the king in the Jewry, which they exact from Theobald de Nevill, Peter's son and tenant of part of his lands, and, after making an extent of Peter's land and calling before them Theobald and all other tenants thereof, to cause the tenants to be charged with the said debts according to their portions, and to cause Theobald to have peace in the meantime (page 225). To the treasurer and barons of the exchequer. Whereas the king learns Nov. 12,1283 by the record of his justices appointed for the custody of the Jews that Hereford. 961. 13s. 4d. of the 1201. that the king granted to Grimbald Pauncefot from the clearer debts of the Jewry still remain to be paid, and he learns by the</page><page sequence="13">214 EXTRACTS FROM THE CLOSE ROLLS. Nov. 15, 1283. Hereford. Oct. 1, 1283. Acton Burnell. Oct. 13, 1283. Acton Burnell. Oct. 14, 1283. Acton Burnell. Jan. 28, 1284. Newark. testimony of the treasurer and barons that Grimbald is indebted to the exchequer in 1171. Os. 2^d. of divers debts : the king orders them to cause Grimbald to be acquitted of 961. 13s. 4d. of the aforesaid debts, in recom pence for the said arrears, which Grimbald has remitted to the king in recompence for this allowance, and to cause Grimbald to have respite for the remaining 201. 8s. 8jd. until the quinzaine of Easter (page 226). To the sheriff of Southampton. Order to cause Adam de Wyntonia, clerk, keeper of the rolls of the exchequer of the Jewry, to have 100s. towards his fee granted to him by the king in that office (page 227). Percival de Somery acknowledges that he owes to Aaron son of Vives, a Jew of London, 20 marks; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in co. Stafford (page 238). To Geoffrey de Picheford, constable of Windsor Castle. Order to cause to be removed from that town certain Jews who have entered it and who inhabit it, without doing injury to their bodies or their goods, as, accord? ing to the custom of the king's Jewry, his Jews ought not to dwell in other cities, boroughs or towns than in those wherein there is a chest of the chirographers of the Jews and wherein they were wont from old time to dwell, and certain Jews have entered that town, wherein there is no chest of chirographers and no Jew was wont to dwell therein of old time [Foedera] (page 241). Enrolment of Inspeximus by Edward, the eldest son of Henry III., dated at Winchester, 4 August, 54 Henry III., of letters patent of the said king, dated at Winchester, 1 August, in the said year, granting to Edmund, his son, at Edward's instance, Aaron son of Vyves, a Jew, with all his goods, debts and chattels, free and quit of all tallages, aids, imprests, and demands, so that Edmund shall have the Jew and his goods and chattels with all the liberties, laws and customs of the king's Jewry, and that the Jew shall have a chest wherein to deposit his chirographs in that place in Edmund's lands wherein he dwells, and that the king's ministers shall cause to be levied for the said Jew his debts in the realm, as he can prove them by his chirographs or by letters patent. The chancellor ordered this to be enrolled (page 245). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Order to cause all Jews dwelling or staying in cities, boroughs or towns wherein there is no chest of chirographers of the Jews to be removed thence without damage of their bodies or goods, as, according to the custom of the king's Jewry, Jews ought not to dwell or stay in places wherein there is not a chest of chirographers, and divers Jews have entered and dwell in divers towns in the king's realm wherein there is no such chest. The Jews shall be removed from the said place before the quinzaine of Easter next, and the justices are not to permit them to inhabit or stay in such places hereafter. The justices are admonished to conduct themselves so in the execution of this</page><page sequence="14">EXTRACTS FROM THE CLOSE ROLLS. 215 order that it shall not behove the king to direct to them a renewed order in this behalf. To Walter de Helyun, late receiver of the goods and chattels of con? demned Jews. Order to be before the treasurer and barons of the exchequer in five weeks from Easter next, together with his clerks and rolls of the issues of the goods and chattels aforesaid, so that the clerks may render account thereof and may do further what concerns the account, as the king wishes to be certified concerning the sum of the issues. The like to John Bek, A. de Kirketon, Ranulph de Dacre, W. de Braib[of ], W. Gerberg, H. de Kend[ale], Philip de Wileby, J. de Cob[ham], and Stephen de Penecestre. To the sheriff of Middlesex. Order to take with him two of the more discreet of the knights of that county, and to go in person to all the chests of the chirographers of the Jews in his bailiwick, and to cause them to be sealed with the seals of the knights and his own seal, so that the chests shall remain thus sealed in the places wherein they now are until the king shall otherwise ordain. The like to the sheriffs of Lincoln, Cambridge, Huntingdon, Kent, Warwick, Leicester, Norfolk, Suffolk, Worcester, Northampton, Surrey, Sussex, Rutland, Oxford, Berks, Hereford, Essex, Hertford, Gloucester, Buckingham, Bedford, Nottingham, Derby, Wilts, Southampton, Cornwall, Devon, Somerset, Dorset, and York. To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Order to be before the treasurer and barons of the exchequer at a day to be appointed by the latter with their rolls, in order to certify the treasurer and barons concerning all the debts due to the king at the exchequer of his Jewry, to wit which are clear and which are not clear, so that the debts may be levied according to the custom of the exchequer aforesaid (page 256). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Order to cause March 18,1284. Geoffrey de Chaucombe to be acquitted of 14 marks in which he was Rlluddlau. indebted to Moses Babalard of Wilton, a Jew, which debt is in the king's hands by reason of the Jew's death, as the king has pardoned Geoffrey this debt at the instance of Thomas Paynel (page 258). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Order to cause March20,1284. Edmund de Sutton, son of Master Ralph le Achator, to be acquitted of ^"uddlan. 10 marks that he owed to Benedict de Wyntonia, a Jew, which debt is in the king's hands by reason of Benedict's death, as the king has pardoned Edmund this debt at the instance of Otto de Grandisono (page 259). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Order to June 18,1284. permit Floria, late the wife of Master Elias, a Jew of London, and her Baladeuthlyu. household to dwell in peace in the houses that belonged to Elias until otherwise ordered, and to cause dower to be assigned to her from the goods and chattels of Elias according to the custom of the king's Jewry, after</page><page sequence="15">216 EXTRACTS FROM THE CLOSE ROLLS. July 24, 1284. Carnarvon. Sept. 17,1284. Shotwick. Sept. 27, 1284, Overton. Oct. 23, 1284. Carnarvon. Dec. 28, 1284. Bristol. July 2, 1285. Westminster. making inquisition concerning Elias's goods and chattels, saving to the king what pertains to him thereof (page 268). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Order to cause John de Sancto Johanne to be acquitted of 901. in which he was indebted to Master Elias Bagard, a Jew of London, deceased, as Queen Eleanor, the king's consort, to whom the king granted the goods, debts, and chattels that belonged to Elias, has pardoned John the said sum, as contained in her letters patent. By p.s. [213] (page 271). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Whereas the king lately granted to Walter de Lesseburn and Alice his wife that they should pay the 241. in which they were indebted to Bonevye, a Jew of Oxford, deceased, to the said Jew at the exchequer of the Jewry, by 14s. lid. yearly, and the goods and chattels of the Jew are in the king's hands by reason of his death: the king has granted to Walter and Alice that they may pay the remainder of the aforesaid debt by the like yearly amount, and therefore orders the justices to cause them to have these terms and to cause this to be so done and enrolled (page 275). To the treasurer and barons of the exchequer. Order to cause Thomas de Pyn, sheriff of Devon, to be acquitted of 161. of the issues of the manor of Woburneford, which was in the king's hands by reason of the death of Jacob Copyn, a Jew, lately hanged, as Thomas paid this sum to Peter de Greynham, to whom the king granted the issues of the manor, as Peter has acknowledged before the king (page 278). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Order, if the debts that Miles de Hastinges owes to the late Master Elias, son of Master Moses, a Jew of London, are in the king's hands or in the hands of any of his Jews by the death of Elias, to cause Miles to be acquitted of the pains and usuries of the said debt, and to cause him to have reasonable terms for the principal debt at which he may pay it without selling or alienating his lands, and to cause this to be so done and enrolled (page 281). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Order to cause Richard Jeovene, son and heir of Bartholomew le Jeovene, to be acquitted of 100s. exacted from Bartholomew by summons of the exchequer of the Jewry, at which he was amerced before the justices for the time when he was constable of Bristol Castle, and of a mark at which he was amerced when he was sheriff of Buckingham and Bedford, in compensation for 61. 16s. 8d. paid by Bartholomew, as appears to the king by a writ under the seal that he used before his accession, into the king's wardrobe from the issues of his bailiwick when he was sheriff of the said counties, which sum has not yet been allowed to him (page 309). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Notification that the king has pardoned Robert de Whytefeud, for his good service in the last expedition in Wales, 201. due to the king at the exchequer of the</page><page sequence="16">EXTRACTS FROM THE CLOSE ROLLS. 217 Jewry under the name of Jorninus, the king's Jew of Canterbury, deceased, whose chattels the king caused to be taken into his hands by reason of his death, and order to cause the charter by which Robert is indebted in the said sum to be withdrawn from the chest of the chirographers at Winchester and to be delivered to Robert, and to cause him to be acquitted of this sum (page 329). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Notification Oct. 6, 1285. that the king has pardoned Walter Hackelutel, in consideration of his Winehestei. grateful service to the king and of his costs and expenses in newly erecting a house in the Welsh marches and afterwards crenellating (hernelandam) it by the king's licence for the security of those parts, a debt of 571. in which he was indebted to Aaron le Blund, a Jew of Hereford, for William Mael and Thomas his son, which debt the Jew would lately have sold to Walter for 201.; the king therefore orders the justices to cause the charters in the chest of the chirographers of the Jews under the names of the said William and Thomas for the aforesaid debt to be withdrawn and delivered to Walter, and to cause William and Thomas to be acquitted thereof. It is provided that the Jew shall have recompence for the said 201. from the king's old debts as the justices shall ordain (page 342). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Whereas the Jan. 20, 1285. charters and other muniments that belonged to Isaac Pulet, a Jew of Canterbury. Oxford, lately hanged, are in the treasury, and Maunsel son of Leonius, a Jew of Oxford, claims that he has part in the said chattels of certain debts contained in two charters under the name of Roger de Atleberg: the king orders the justices to hear Mansel's complaint, and to cause to be done for him what shall be just according to the custom of the Jewry (page 349). To the treasurer and barons of the exchequer. Order to cause Theobald Feb. 26, 1286. de Nevill to be acquitted of all debts due to the exchequer and to the Westminster, exchequer of the king's Jewry of the debts of Peter de Nevill, his father, and Hasculph de Nevill, his grandfather (page 387). To Hugh de Kendal and Master Odo de Westm!~onasterio], and Walter Feb. 26, 1286. de Notingham, appointed to make scrutiny of the chests of the Jews. As Westminster. Master Elias son of Moses, a Jew, deceased, and his heirs Cresseus son of Genta, Hagin son of Deulacres, James son of Moses, and Isaac son of Cresseus, Jews, have remitted to Richard de Culworth, lately deceased, and to Robert, bishop of Bath and Wells, and to Hugh Burnel, his brother, tenants of certain lands that belonged to Richard in co. Essex, all debts due from Richard to them, as appears by their star, which the king has inspected : the king orders Hugh, Odo and Walter to cause all charters and instruments concerning this matter found by them in the said chests to be withdrawn from the same and delivered acquitted to the bishop and Hugh (page 387).</page><page sequence="17">218 EXTRACTS FROM THE CLOSE ROLLS. April 30 1286. To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Notification Westminster, that the king has pardoned Hugh de Br?k, for his good service in Wales, 1121. in which he was indebted to Cok son of Aaron, a Jew of London, by two deeds, concerning which he made a reccgnisance before the justices for eighteen sacks of wool, and order to cause the said deeds to be delivered to Hugh and to cause him to be acquitted of the wool, and to cause this to be so done and enrolled (page 391). Oct. 20, 1286. To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Order, if Westminster. Moses son of Jacob, a Jew of Northampton, and Benedict, his brother, recognise before them that he has been satisfied for 801. in which Robert Renele was indebted to Jacob de Oxonia, a Jew, father of Moses and Benedict, by his charter in the chest of the chirographers at Northampton, and if it appear certain to them that nothing of the said debt pertains to the king or others, to cause the charter to be withdrawn from the chest and delivered to William, son and heir of Robert, if this can be done without prejudice to the king or others, and to cause William to be acquitted thereof (page 403). Aug. 17, 1286. Richard le Colyere came before the king, on Monday after the Exalta Pontigniac. tion of the Holy Cross, and sought to replevy to Ralph de Selveston and Joan, his wife, their land in Northampton, which was taken into the king's hands for their default in the king's court against Mosseus de Clare, a Jew. This is signified to the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews (page 433). Dec. 6, 1286. To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Whereas Roger Westminster, son of William de London is indebted in certain debts to Joceus son of Isaac de Norhantona, a Jew of London, for payment whereof his goods do not suffice, as the king learns: the king, wishing to aid him accord? ing to his provision and grant lately made to Christians indebted to Jews, orders the justices to cause all Roger's lands to be extended, and, after saving to Roger his chief messuage and a moiety of his lands, to cause the Jew to have the other moiety, in accordance with the extent and the provision aforesaid, so that it may be truly known when the debts shall have been paid in full to the Jew. It is provided that the things that the Jew received from Roger after the king's grant aforesaid shall be allowed to Roger in the debt aforesaid. Witness : Edmund, earl of Cornwall (page 466). April 26, 1287. ^? the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Order to cause Westminster. Geoffrey de Chaucumbe to be acquitted of 14 marks owing by him to Moses Babelard, a Jew, which debt is in the king's hands by reason of the Jew's death, as the king, on 18 March in his twelfth year, pardoned Geoffrey this sum at the instance of Thomas Paynel. Witness: Edmund, earl of Corn? wall (page 448).</page><page sequence="18">EXTRACTS FROM THE CLOSE ROLLS. 219 To the sheriff of Southampton. Order to assist Lumbard son of Aug. 20, 1287. Cressantus, a Jew of Winchester, in recovering debts due to him in the Gloucester, sheriff's bailiwick, in such manner as he shall prove before the sheriff that the debts are due to him and as ought of right to be done, as Lumbard is indebted to the king in a large sum by reason of the king's tallage lately made throughout the whole Jewry within the realm, which he is unable to pay unless the king help him in recovering the debts due to him. Witness: Edmund, earl of Cornwall (page 456). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Order to cause Nov. 3, 1287. Theobald de Neyvill to be acquitted of the debts of his father and grand- ^ estmmster father that they cause to be exacted from him by summons of the exchequer of the Jewry, as the king, on 26 February, in his fourteenth year, pardoned Theobald all debts due from him to the exchequer and to the exchequer of the Jewry of the debts of Peter de Neyvill, his father, and Hasculph de Neyvill, his grandfather. Witness : Edmund, earl of Cornwall (page 461). To the justices of the Bench. Order not to vex Hagin de Webbeleye Nov. 27, 1287. and Floria, his wife, contrary to the custom of the Jewry and the liberties Westminster, granted to the Jews of the realm by the king's progenitors and hitherto used, since Jews, as they know, ought not to plead or answer before any judges except the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews for any? thing touching the king's Jewry. Witness : Edmund, earl of Cornwall (page 496). To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Moses de Feb. 10, 1288. Horndon and Swetecota, his wife, Jews of London, have shown the king Westminster, that whereas Swetecota is not a Christian and was never baptized, certain of her enemies, maliciously feigning that she had been baptized between the two battles of Lewes and Evesham, have defamed her concerning this, to the damage and grievance of her and Moses : the king orders the justices to inquire the truth in this matter by Christians and Jews, according to custom, and if they find that Swetecota was not baptized, to cause Moses and her to have peace in this matter, according to the duty of their office. Witness: the earl of Cornwall (page 500). [To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews.1] As it appears April 10, 1288. to the king by inspection of the rolls of the exchequer of the fifty-sixth Westminster, year of the late king's reign and the first year of his own reign that James de Worthe is quit at the exchequer of the four marks that he owed to the king for Lombard de Crikelade, a Jew, the king orders them to cause James to be acquitted of this sum, and to cause his charter [concerning it] to be withdrawn from the chest of the chirographers [of the Jews] and delivered to him (page 502). 1 This enrolment is badly abridged. The words supplied in brackets are omitted in the roll.</page></plain_text>